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环境保护效果持续显现 生态文明建设日益加强

Դ Ϸձ     ʱ䣺 2019-07-20 11:57:27
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ݰ߷³жһƱ-(+V)130-4191-6828򿪡רҵ¡졢УҵжһƱɹαҵ12269308996320 环境保护效果持续显现 生态文明建设日益加强

Ч ̬ǿ

йرǸĸ↑ȫԻ̬ʶҵչȾЧ֣̬ȷ̬״ת̬ʵƽʮ˴ϰƽͬ־Ϊĵĵ߶̬裬̬Ϊͳƽλһ塱岼ֵҪݣγϰƽ̬˼룬̬µʷչʱڡ

һʶǿ̬ʼȷ

70ž÷չ͹ҵļƽҹĻۻ֣Դ˸߶ӣʱȷ˻Ļߣ̬ƶϵʶǿƽ費ƣ߳һ̬йɫ·

(һ)70󣬻γ

ҹҵйʼ70ʽĻ1973꣬Ժٿһȫ飬ͨˡڱ͸ƻɹ涨ְܷΧΪҹҵĵһ̱1978꣬ȫ˴һλͨˡл񹲺͹ܷ״νұȻԴȾдܷΪҹƽͻҵķչ춨˻

()ĸ↑ŵ֮ߺƶȲ

70ĩͳŹҵͳзչģҹ̬ϾԻӣҼʱƶ̨һϵлߺƶȣҵչʱڡ塱ڼ䣬״α񾭼úᷢչƻ1983ٿĵڶȫ飬ʽѻȷΪҹһߡ塱ڼ䣬ҹ׸껷滮塱ʱڹһƻӴ˻Ϊ񾭼뷢չƻҪɲ֡塱ڼ䣬ҹˡ뷢չʮԲߡȷָ߿ɳչ·йıȻѡ񡣡塱ڼ䣬Ժ̷ˡڻľȾŷƼƻɫ̹滮ҹҵٷչʱڡʮ塱ڼ䣬ѧչۣгشս˼룬䲼һϵлķɷ͹淶ļ2002һѭл񹲺͹ٽƶ̨־ҹȾģʽĩʼȫ̿ת䡣ʮһ塱ڼ䣬Ϊ᳹ʵѧչۣҪԴԼ͡ѺᣬչѭãӴȻ̬ͻȣǿԴ˽ܽġȾŵͳƼ⼰ϵƶȡ

()̬

ʮ塱ڼ䣬ҵõǰδеӣرǵʮ˴ϰƽͬ־Ϊĵĵ룬Ը߶ȵԾʵԾ̬йɫҵλһ塱岼Сϰƽ̬ݽлչּΡȺڵԼ˹ͬĺҰΧ̬һϵۡսԣƶγʱйɫ̬˼롣ϰƽ̬˼ѧ̬ҪںȻгĿѧȻۡˮɽǽɽɽɫչ̬ۡջݵĻۡɽˮϵͳϵͳۡϸƶܷα̬ܷιۺЯֹıȫ̬ĹӮȫۣϰƽ̬˼ںˣʱƽҹ̬ĸѭ

ϰƽ̬˼ѧϰ͹᳹ƶҹ̬ҵչʵʷԡתԡȫԱ仯Ⱦ֮ƶȳ̨Ƶ֮ܡִ߶֮ϡٶ֮ǰδСڼӿƽ̬̬͡Ƹĸ巽̨̳40漰̬ĸĸ﷽ƶʵȾжƻˮȾжƻ͡Ⱦжƻ(·ֱơʮˮʮʮ)䲼ʵʩл񹲺͹޶ʩУ̬ƪ¡

ʮŴ̬ȡõĽ׶ԳɹδһȻгΪʱֺͷչйɫʮ֮һǿͼˮɽǽɽɽֽԼԴͱĻߡ˼ӿ̬ƸĸйսԲ2018й롢Ժӡȫǿ̬ȾιսԼǿ̬Ⱦιսȫ沿ƶҹ̬ʱ

ʵƽ̬״𲽸

70ŻҲϼӴȻ̬ϵͳͻȣչˮʧۺӴĮȣɭ֡ʪǿȻʵʩش̬޸̣𲽽ȫ幦ƶȣƽ̬߹̬ͽ費ȡ³Ч̬״ơ

(һ)ͶԽʽ

žÿٷչͻ״仯ҹͶ벻رǴӡʮ塱ʱڿʼһؿͶʽˮƽǿ裬ƶ˻ȫ濪չ

ȾͶʴ80ڣȫȾͶÿΪ25-30Ԫ80ĩͶܶ100Ԫ塱ĩͶܶﵽ1010Ԫռͬڹֵı״ͻ1%ʮ塱ĩͶܶﵽ2565Ԫռͬڹֵ1.37%ʮһ塱ĩͶܶﵽ7612Ԫռͬڹֵ1.84%ʮ塱ĩͶܶﵽ8806Ԫռͬڹֵ1.28%

2017꣬ҹȾͶܶΪ9539Ԫ20017.214.0%У򻷾ʩͶ6086Ԫ8.314.9%ҵȾԴͶ682Ԫ2.98.9%ɻĿͶ2772Ԫ7.214.1%

()ҵ̬Ч

ҵͶʳӡ2017꣬ȫҵͶɶΪ4800Ԫ201243.6%У̬뱣Ͷ2016Ԫ25.7%ҵ֧뱣Ͷ614Ԫ175.6%ҵҵչͶ2008Ԫ144.6%

ֲֹɹ˶2018꣬ȫ707꣬200038.5%У˹360꣬ռȫ50.9%20192ӢȻɳչ־Ϸһƪָ2000굽2017ȫ̻УԼķ֮һйȫλеĹҪй޴˹

ɭָʲߡݵڰ˴ȫɭԴ(2009-2013)ȫɭ2.1ڹ꣬ɭָ21.6%ɭ151.4סһȫɭԴ(1973-1976)ȣɭ0.9ڹ꣬ɭָ8.9ٷֵ㣬ɭ64.8ס

()Ȼ̬ϼǿ

ȻѸӡ2017꣬ȫȻ275020001523Ȼ14717꣬200049.9%

ʪرϵγɡҹѳʪȻΪ壬ʪع԰ȻС棬ʽΪʪرϵ2013ڶȫʪԴʾȫʪ5360꣬ʪ5.6%뱣ϵʪ2324꣬ʪرʴ43.5%2003״ʪԴͬھȣʪ340꣬8.8%ܱʪ526꣬ʪر13.0ٷֵ㡣

ˮʧȳӴ2017꣬ȫۼˮʧ12584꣬20004488ꣻˮʧ590꣬20036.5%

ĮɳתݵȫĮɳؼ2014꣬ȫĮ261.2ƽռ27.2%ɳ172.1ƽռ17.9%1999ɵĵڶȫĮɳؼȣȫĮ6.2ƽɳ2.2ƽ2004ȫĮɳؼμʾĮɳʳơ

ȾǿƽЧ

70ҹȾʶ𲽼ǿرǽ½ƶ̨һϵдٽҪȾŵƶȡߺʹʩȾȲϼӴ󣬷γЧ֣ˮȻƵõЧƺԸơ

(һ)ҪȾЧ

Ⱦżǵýṹת䷢չʽҪĿ꣬ҲǸƻ׽ҪֶΡ1986ҳ̨ˡڷˮȾߵĹ涨ȷ򡢳СԼҵȾŷҪʵơΪҹȾƶȵԴ塱ڼ䣬״ƶˡȾŷƼƻ12Ⱦָʵŷƣֽʵ걨ǼƶȡӰƶȡͬʱƶȡ֤ƶȡշƶȵΪץ֣ƶƼƻȫʵʩ

ʮ塱ڼ䣬ȾʮϾҹʼҪȾָҹᷢչ滮ҪԶ򡢻ѧ6ҪȾŷ˿Ŀꡣ2005꣬ȫŷ2549֣200027.8%

ʮһ塱滮Ҫ˵λֵܺĽ20%ңѧͶҪȾŷ10%Լָ꣬ҹܼŹ½׶Ρ᳹ʵ롢Ժľ߲𣬴ƽ̼šṹź͹ʩӿ콨ˮȼú糧ʩۼẒ́ӿ̭ܣʵʩˮշѡ۵ЧߴʩȾŹȡЧ2010꣬ȫŷ2185֣ѧŷ1238֣2005ֱ½14.3%12.5%ɡʮһ塱滮Ŀꡣ

ʮ塱滮ҪнʵʩƵȾѧ򡢵ҪȾҪȾŷֱ8%10%8%10%ԼĿꡣ2015꣬ȫѧŷ2224֣ŷ230֣ŷ1859֣ŷ1851ֱ֣2010½12.9%13.0%18.0%18.6%ŷĿꡣ

ʮ塱滮Ҫѧ򡢵ҪȾŷ½ΪԼָꡣ2018꣬ȫѧ͵ŷֱ2017½3.1%2.7%6.7%4.9%2017ŷĿꡣ

()Ⱦٷ

2013꣬Ժӡʮ1035ۺʩصҵΡҵṹԴṹŻȾȫСʮ塱滮Ҫ2020ؼϳпʴﵽ80%ϣϸ(PM2.5)δؼϳŨۼ½18%Ⱦιսȫ濪չʮĿȫɣȫһߣ챣սЧ

ȫߡ2018꣬ȫ338ؼϳУ121л꣬ռ35.8%201514.2ٷֵ㡣338ƽ79.3%20152.6ٷֵ㣻ȾΪ2.2%2015꽵1.0ٷֵ㡣

пŨ½2018꣬ȫ338п(PM10)ƽŨΪ71΢/ף2015½18.4%PM2.5ƽŨΪ39΢/ף2015½22.0%PM2.5δ(2015PM2.5ƽŨδ262)ƽŨ43΢/ף2017½10.4%

صϸŨ½2018꣬򼽡ǺǵPM2.5ƽŨȷֱ2013½48%39%32%PM2.5½89.5΢/½51΢/ף½43%

ŷŴ͡2018꣬йλGDP̼ŷŽ2005꽵45.8%ǰ2020굥λGDP̼ŷŽ40%45%Ŀ꣬Ϊʵй2030̼ŷŴ岢ȡ춨˼ʵ

Լ١ȾҪֲڳ-ƹԭԶ2018꣬ȫԼ53ƽǧףռ5.5%2013꽵5.1ٷֵ㣬Сơ

()ˮȾȲƽ

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رˮˮá2018꣬ȫرˮ1935ˮʶ(λ)У񡫢Ϊ71.0%20163.2ٷֵ㣻ӢΪ6.7%2016½1.9ٷֵ㡣

ˮʲϸơ2017꣬ȫ24.5ǧ׵ĺˮ״۽ʾȫ񡫢ˮʺӳռ78.5%ˮʺӳռ13.2%Ӣˮӳռ8.3%У񡫢ˮʺӳ20162.1ٷֵ㣬Ӣˮʺӳ½1.5ٷֵ㡣

ˮơ2017꣬ȫ1233.3ƽˮˮ۽ʾȫˮΪ񡫢ĺ3267Ӣ24ֱռۺ26.0%54.5%19.5%У񡫢ˮʺռȽ20160.9ٷֵ㡣

ˮá2018꣬ȫ417ˮˮʼУﵽһຣˮˮʱ׼ļռ74.6%ຣˮռ6.7%ࡢຣˮռ18.7%УһຣˮռȽ20161.2ٷֵ㣬ࡢຣˮռ2.4ٷֵ㡣

()Ⱦ𲽿չ

Ⱦ½2016꣬ԺӡʮҹȾ׸ļԽһʱҹȾιȫ沿֮½̨ˡȾؿ취ũõ취()õ취()ȡ2018䲼ˡл񹲺͹ȾηƽȾۺϷ裬ʵʩȾ޸ӦԵĿ涨ÿʮ֯չһȫȾ״ղ顣

״Ⱦ״ȫ濪չ20054201312£ҹչ״ȫȾ״顣ʾȫ״岻ֹۣȫܵijΪ16.1%ֵȾأǣҵͻ

Ⱦδʩʵʩȫֹ뾳2018꣬ȫ2263֣46.5%PΣշǷתƺ㵹Ϊж2018ƶ1308ͻ1304ģƽմʩշҵŷţշ糧2018ȫģսȲƽ

ġʩƽ

70ҹ绷ʩ辭˴𲽵ѸٷչĹ̡رǸĸ↑ų򻯽̵IJϼӿ죬Ⱦ̬ȵijӴ󣬳绷ʩƽ˾ӻơ

(һ)лʩˮƽ

ʩͶ[1]2017꣬ҹ򻷾ʩͶ6086Ԫ20018.3УȼͶ567Ԫ5.9йͶ778Ԫ7.6ˮͶ1728Ԫ6.1԰̻Ͷ2390Ԫ12.2ݻͶ623Ԫ9.8

ʩˮƽߡ2017꣬ˮΪ94.5%200060.2ٷֵ㣻޺Ϊ97.7%39.5ٷֵ[2]ˮռ98.3%34.4ٷֵ㣻ȼռ96.3%50.9ٷֵ㣻й83.1ƽף6.5̻Ϊ40.9%12.7ٷֵ㣻˾԰̵14.0ƽף2.8

()ũ˾ӻ𲽸

һƽũʩͳȻƽũˮọ̈̄չׯΣصũˮƶũͥIJޣũ˾ӻõơ

2017꣬ȫˮ49.4%޺51.2%ˮռ88.1%ȼռ52.1%ȫˮ17.2%޺23.6%ˮռ78.8%ȼռ25.0%ȫũռ81.7%200036.9ٷֵ㡣

йڵԺȷ쵼£ȫIJиŬܶ£̬ȡͻɼͳѵʶٵϾȻս̬ڹؼڡںʹڣһҪϰƽʱйɫ˼Ϊָȫʵϰƽ̬˼룬̬ˣȻгͼˮɽǽɽɽôʤȾιսӿ콨й̬ʱ

ע

[1]򻷾ʩͶʰкسǻʩͶʡ

[2]޺2001ȣ39.5ٷֵ㡣

(ͳƾԴ˾)

 


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